Monday, January 15, 2018

The Death of William the Conqueror

The Death of William the Conqueror

"the swollen bowels burst, and an intolerable stench assailed the nostrils of the by-standers and the whole crowd." 

10 Things You May Not Know About William the Conqueror


Thursday, April 27, 2017

Gregor Patrickson MacGregor (1460-1547)

 Gregor Patrickson MacGregor (1460-1547)+Finvola Flora MacArthur Campbell (1410-)

Gregor Patrickson Macgregor was born 1460 in Perth, Perthshire, Scotland.

And died 3-6-1547 • Glenorchy, Scotland. He is buried in Dysart.

He was the son of either John Macgregor of Glenorchy, or a Patrick Macgregor.

John Macgregor of Glenorchy, who died in 1390, is said to have had three sons; Patrick, his successor John Dow, ancestor of the family of Glenstrae, who became the chief of the clan; and Greogor, ancestor of the Macgregors of Roro. Patricks son, Malcolm, was compelled by the Campbells to sell the lands of Auchinrevach in Strathfillan to Campbell of Glenorchy, who thus obtained the first footing in Breadalbane, which afterwards gave the title of earl to his family. ('

"If they rob us of name and pursue us with Beagles,
Give their roofs to the flame and their flesh to the Eagles;
Then Gather, Gather, Gather;
While there's leaves in the forest and foam on the river,
MacGregor, despite them, shall flourish forever!"
MacGregor saying

Tutor to Glenstrae and leader of the clan 1528-1545. Probably should have become the rightful chief of Clan Gregor in 1519 when Ian the Black died, but the Campbells promoted instead the chieftain of Clan Dougal Ciar.
Historyof the Clan Gregor: A.D. 878-1625 ByAmelia Georgiana Murray MacGregor, pg. 64
" 1547March 6. Death of Gregor Patrickson MacGregor in Glenurquhay at Aychinchechallan, and buried in Dysart.

In it has the following to say about him.

"XIV. Gregor Mor or the Great, second son of John MacGregor of that Ilk, to
whom his father gave the lands of Breachd-sliabh, commonly called Brackly, in
Glenurchy, with a numerous following of men.- He lived in the reigns of King
James III. and IV., and, grieved at the oppression of his family and friends, he
raised his men, and, making several successful expeditions against their enemies,
recovered possession of a large tract of country called Glen Lochy, the forest of
Corrychaick, the lands of Ardeonaig, and several others on the side of Loch Tay,
which his descendants enjoyed till the reign of James IV.

"Gregor took to wife Finvola or Flora, daughter to McArthur of Strachur, by a
daughter of the family of Argyll, ancestor of the present Colonel Campbell of

" By this lady he had four sons and several daughters.

1. Duncan, his heir.

2. Gregor, a captain of great reputation, who, having come to the south

country, performed several valiant actions against the English Borderers
in conjunction with his cousins the Griersons of Lag.

3. Malcolm, a man of great prudence and valour, famous for his dexterity in
all manly exercises, and in great esteem with Alexander, Earl of Mar, at
whose request he raised his patrimony from his brother, and acquired
the lands of Inverey, with several others in Brea-Mar, where he settled.
He married a daughter of Dougal Lamont of Stiolaig (by a daughter of
the family of Bute), by whom he had several children ; the eldest of
whom, Alexander, acquired the lands of Cherry, Killach, Dalcherz,
Balachby, &c.

There are several good families, and some hundreds of commoners,
of this branch of the MacGregors in Brae-Mar and the adjoining countries
to this day ; but during the general persecution they lost their lands,
and betook themselves to several different names, as Ogilvies,
Gordons, &a.^

The MacArthur Clan:
Of the Macarthur Campbells of Strachur, the old statistical account of the parish of Struchur says: "This family is reckoned by some the most ancient of the name of Campbell. The late laird of Macfarlane, who with great genuius and assiduity had studied the ancient history of the Highlands, was of this opinion. The patronymic name of this family was Macarthur (the son of Arthur), which Arthur, the antiquary above mentioned maintains, was brother to Colin, the first of the Argyll family, and that the representatives of the two brothers continued for a long time to be known by the names of Macarthur and Maccaellein, before they took the surname of Campbell. Another account makes Arthur the first laird of Strachur, to have descended of the family of Argyll, at a later period, in which the present laird seems to acquiesce, by taking with a mark of cadetcy, the arms and livery of the family of Argyll, after they had been quartered with those of Lorn. The laird of Strachur has been always accounted, according to the custom of the Highlands, chief of the clan Arthur or Macarthurs". We have already quoted Mr Skene's opinion as the the claims of the Macarthurs to the chiefship of the clan Campbell; we cannot think these claims have been sufficiently made out.

Macarthur adhered to the cause of Robert the Bruce, and received, as his reward, a considerable portion of the forfeited territory of MacDougall of Lorn, Bruce's great enemy. He obtained also the keeping of the castle of Dunstaffnage. After the marriage of Sir Neil Campbell with the king's sister, the power and possessions of the Campbell branch rapidly increased, and in the reign of David II, they appear to have first out forward their claims to the chieftainship, but were successfully resisted by Macarthur, who obtained a charter "Arthuro Campbell quod nulli subjieitur pro terris nisi regi!.

In the reign of James I, the chief's name was John Macarthur, and so great was his following, that he could bring 1,000 men into the field. In 1427 that king, in a progress through the north, held a parliament at Inverness, to which he summoned all the Highland chiefs, and among others who then felt his vengeance, was John Macarthur, who was beheaded, and his whole lands forfeited. From that period the chieftainship, according to Skene, was lost to the Macarthurs; the family subsequently obtained Strachur in Cowal, and portions of Glen falloch and Glendochart in Perthshire. Many of the name of Macarthur are still found about Dunstaffnage, but they have long been merely tenants to the Campbells. The Macarthurs were hereditary pipers to the MacDonalds of the Isles, and the last of the race was piper to the Highland Society.

[ ]

Monday, March 23, 2015

Ian Camm MacGregor

Most modern historians have agreed that the first chief of Clan Gregor was Gregor of the golden bridles. His son was Iain Camm One eye, who succeeded as the second chief sometime before 1390.

 Way, George and Squire, Romily. Collins Scottish Clan & Family Encyclopedia. (Foreword by The Rt Hon. The Earl of Elgin KT, Convenor, The Standing Council of Scottish Chiefs). Published in 1994. Pages 220 – 221.

He died on 19 April 1390.

He held the three glens of the rivers Orchy, Strae and Lochy on the opposite watershed to Strathfillan and Glendochart.1 He held the position of 2nd Chief of Clan Gregor.1 Iain MacGregor of Glenorchy, 2nd Chief of Clan Gregor also went by the nick-name of Iain 'Cam' (or in English, 'the one-eyed'

Gregor Aluin MacGregor

Gregor Aluin MacGregor:
Aluin means "handsome". He was from Glenorchy, Scotland.   b c1360. d Glenorchy 1415

GREGOR., born about 1365, succeeded his father in 1390 as Laird of Glenorchy. In the family legends he is termed "Gregor Aluinn" [Gregor the Handsome]. According to the Chronicle of Fortingal (compiled in 1531), "Gregor MacEoin Cham [Gregor son of John, Blind of One Eye] died in Glenorchy in 1415 and was buried by the high altar in Dysart Church". He married Iric, daughter of Malcolm MacAlpin

Gregor married Iric MacAlpin.

History of the Clan Gregor: A.D. 878-1625 

Amelia Georgiana Murray MacGregor

W. Brown, 1898

"The above entries, the Bard's genealogy, and others from "The Black Book of Taymouth," enable us to define positively that the house of Glenstray descended in direct line from this John Dhu, and as he had a brother, Gregor, who coincides with Gregor, surnamed Aulin, in the "Baronage," we are led to believe that these two Gregors were identical.
From the "Baronage": --

"XII. Gregor, called Aulin (Aluinn)--i.e. "perfectly handsome" succeeded. He married Iric, daughter of his uncle Malcolm McAlpin, son of the said Malise, and died circiter annum, 1413 leaving by his said lady five sons and several daughters--

1. Malcolm, his heir.
2. John, first designed of Breachd-sliabh, who eventually became Laird of MacGregor.
3. Gillespie, or Archibald, who married and had issue.
4. Gregor, of whom the family of Ruath shruth, or Roro (as will be shown later, the name of this son was probably Duncan).
5. Dugal Ciar."

In the course of this, the fourteenth century, the sovereigns had given many lands to those who supported them, and amongst these were territories occupied by the ClanGregor as Crown tenants--i.e., settled on the Crown lands by royal favour either as a reward for military services or connected with the royal house, which tradition asserts, or the tribe may have enjoyed allodial occupation of these localities from time immemorial.

Alternate parentage has been given to show descent from Kenneth McAlpin

Gregor MacAlpin of Glenurchy (d 1040)

m. _ Campbell (dau of _ Campbell of Lochow)

1. Sir John Macgregor of Glenorchy or Glenurchy (d c1113)

m. "an English lady of great beauty"

A. Sir Malcolm Macgregor (d c1164)

m. Marjory (youngest dau of William, nephew of the King)

i. William Macgregor, 'Lord'

m. _ Lindsay

a. Gregor Macgregor, 'Lord'

m. Marion (dau of Gilchrist)

(1) Malcolm Macgregor, 'Lord' (d 1374)

m. Mary Maclpin (dau of Malise Macalpin of Finnick)

(A) Gregor 'Aulin' Macgregor (d c1413)

m. Iric Maclpin (dau of Malcolm Macalpin, cousin)

Hous and Gang of Gregor McAne'

This is some dispute as to whether he is the son of Ian Dubh or the son of Ian Dubh's brother Gregor Aluin (the Handsome).

The baronage of Angus and Mearns

By David MacGregor Peter

Says Gregor was called "Aulin" meaning perfectly handsome and that he married Iric McAlpin, daughter of Mailise McAlpine, who was his maternal uncle. He is listed as the son of Malcolm Dominus De McGregor, who died in 1374.

Monday, December 15, 2014

William Leslie (d. 1513)-Margaret Balfour

 Complete peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and ..., Volume 6  By George Edward Cokayne says he was never formally invested with the earldom.

 says he was never formally invested with the earldom.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

William Leslie, 3rd Earl of Rothes, was the son of Andrew Leslie, Master of Rothes, and Marjory (also known as Elizabeth) Sinclair, daughter of William Sinclair, 1st Earl of Caithness. He succeeded his elder brother George as Earl in 1513.
As George had tried to sell the family lands without royal permission William was trying to recover his rights, especially over the Barony centred on Ballinbreich Castle. However, he was killed at the battle of Flodden.
William married Margaret Balfour, his heir was George Leslie, 4th Earl of Rothes. Their other children included John Leslie of Parkhill who was captured at the battle of Solway Moss, and James Leslie, Parson of Rothes.[1]

Jump up

  Leslie, Charles Joseph, Historical records of the family of Leslie from 1067 to 1868-9, vol.2, Edinburgh (1869), pp.41-46

There is a tree in:
Americans of Royal Descent: A Collection of Genealogies of American Families Whose Lineage is Traced to the Legimate Issue of Kings
Charles Henry Browning
Porter & Costes, 1891

Marjory Elizabeth Sinclair( d. 1508) and Andrew Leslie(d. c. 1473)

 Historical records of the family of Leslie from 1067 to 1868-9: ... - Page 31  Charles Joseph Leslie - 1869

 Andrew, Master of Rothes, was the only son of George, first Earl of Rothes, by his second wife, Christian Halyburton. King James II granted a charter to Sir Andrew Leslie, knight, son and heir of George, Earl of Rothes, of the lands and barony of Tacis in Fife, and of the lands and barony of Rothynorman in Aberdeenshire, proceeding on the resignation of the same by George, Earl of Rothes, dated 16th November, an. Reg.23, A.D. 1458. Andrew, Master of Rothes, married Lady Marjory Sinclair, daughter of William, third Earl of Orkney and Caithness, Lord Sinclair. By her he had issue-- 1.John 2. George 3.William Andrew, Master of Rothes, died about 1486, during the lifetime of his father, George, first Earl of Rothes, as is proved by the command given by King James III already mentioned, dated 12th February 1487, orderig the Earl of Rothes sufficient means for support while attending the king.
 Historical records of the family of Leslie from 1067 to 1868-9: ... - Page 31

 Charles Joseph Leslie - 1869

 Andrew, Master of Rothes, was the only son of George, first Earl of Rothes, by his second wife, Christian Halyburton. King James II granted a charter to Sir Andrew Leslie, knight, son and heir of George, Earl of Rothes, of the lands and barony of Tacis in Fife, and of the lands and barony of Rothynorman in Aberdeenshire, proceeding on the resignation of the same by George, Earl of Rothes, dated 16th November, an. Reg.23, A.D. 1458.

 Andrew, Master of Rothes, married Lady Marjory Sinclair, daughter of William, third Earl of Orkney and Caithness, Lord Sinclair. By her he had issue--

 2. George
 Andrew, Master of Rothes, died about 1486, during the lifetime of his father, George, first Earl of Rothes, as is proved by the command given by King James III already mentioned, dated 12th February 1487, orderig the Earl of Rothes sufficient means for support while attending the king.

The Magna charta barons and their American descendants with the ... - Page 155
Charles Henry Browning - 1898
and Historical records of the family of Leslie from 1067 to 1868-9: ... - Page 31

Charles Joseph Leslie - 1869Gives her name as Marjory.

Sigurd Snake-eye or Serpent in the Eye


Sigurd Snake-eye was one of the sons of Ragnar Lodbrok and Kraka. When his father died, he inherited Skåne, Halland, the Danish islands, and Viken. He was considered to be the grand-father of Gorm the Old.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Sigurd Snake-in-the-eye (Old Norse: Sigurðr ormr í auga) was one of the four sons of Ragnar Lodbrok. What some would say what "set him apart from his brothers" was that he was born with the image of theOuroboros, as some would see a "snake biting its own tail, encircling the pupil of his left eye" type of mark. This had been prophesised by his mother Kraka - Aslaug, the daughter of the Valkyrie Brynhildr. As a boy Sigurd was close to his father and accompanied Ragnar on a hazardous expedition through Russia to the Hellespont. Later on in life he is said to have sojourned for a time in Scotland and the Scottish Islands.

In 865 King Ella of Northumbria killed Ragnar Lodbrok in a pit of serpents. When Ragnar was suffering in the pit he is reputed to have exclaimed: "How the young pigs would squeal if they knew what the old boar suffers!"

And soon his sons did know, as King Ella was foolish enough to send an embassy to acquaint them of the fact. When the brothers heard of their father's death Sigurd is said to have cut himself to the bone with a knife he held in his hand and his brother Björn Ironside gripped his spear so tightly that the imprint of his fingers was left in the wood.

Sigurd and his brothers swore they would avenge his killing in time-honoured Viking tradition. The legend says that their first attempt failed, but through the treachery of the oldest brother, the notoriously cruel and cunning Ivar the Boneless, Ella was duped into a battle he could not win. In 866 they crossed the North Sea with a large army. This Great Heathen Army sacked York, met King Ella in battle and captured him. They sentenced him to die according to the custom of Rista Blodörn (Blood Eagle), an exceedingly painful death. It consisted of cutting away the ribs from the spine and pulling the lungs backward through the cavities formed to form the shape of an eagle.

1 Sigurd's descendants
1.1 Harthacanute and his descendents
1.2 Aslaug and her son Sigurd Hart
2 Sources

Sigurd's descendants[edit]

Ragnarssona þáttr informs that when his father died, he inherited Zealand, Scania, Halland, the Danish islands, and Viken. He married Blaeja, the daughter of king Ælla of Northumbria and they had the childrenHarthacanute and Aslaug, who was named after her grandmother Aslaug.
Harthacanute and his descendents[edit]

Harthacanute succeeded Sigurd as the king of Zealand, Scania and Halland, but he lost Viken. He was the father of Gorm the Old, the king of Denmark. Gorm succeeded his father as king and married Thyra, the daughter of the Jutish chieftain Harald Klak. When Harald died, Gorm took his kingdom too and united Denmark.

Harald succeeded his father as king and married Gyrid of Sweden. They had a son named Sweyn Forkbeard. Sweyn succeeded his father as king and married Gunhild. They had a son named Cnut the Great. Sweyn also ruled England in his lifetime and established the Danish Empire. When Sweyn died, his elder son Harald Svendsen became King Denmark as England's former king Ethelred reclaimed it. However as Harald did not marry, his brother Cnut the great became king, re-established the Danish Empire and married Emma of Normandy. They had a son named Harthacnut. When Cnut died, Harthacnut became king of the Danish Empire, however, he lost England to Edward the confessor in 1042. As he did not get married, Sigurd's bloodline ended.
Aslaug and her son Sigurd Hart[edit]

Sigurd's daughter Aslaug married Helgi the Sharp (the great-great-grandson of king Ring of Ringerike) of the Dagling dynasty. They had the son Sigurd Hart, who married Ingeborg, the daughter of the Jutishchieftain Harald Klak. Sigurd Hart and Ingeborg had the children Guttorm and Ragnhild. When his uncle king Fróði of Ringerike died, Sigurd Hart went to Norway to succeed him as king.

Ragnarssona þáttr and Heimskringla relate that a berserker from Hadeland named Haki (Hake) killed Sigurd Hart, but lost a hand in the fight. Then Haki went to Sigurd Hart's residence at Stein and took Sigurd's children Ragnhild and Guttorm. Haki returned with the children and all the loot to Hadeland. Before Haki (Hake) recuperated from his wounds and could marry the 15 year old Ragnhild, she was captured a second time, by Halfdan the Black. Halfdan and Ragnhild were the parents of Harald Fairhair.

Archaeologia, or, Miscellaneous tracts relating to antiquity, Volume 24

Society of Antiquaries of London

The Society, 1832 - Great Britain

As early as the beginning of the ninth century, Ragnar Lodbrog is reported to have visited the Hellepont, and before the middle of the eleventh century the expedition of Harald Hardraad to the East, his amour with the Empress Zoe, and his escape from prison by means of the Varangian guards, are matters of historical record. The early establishment of thes Varangians as the Imperial Guard, (who were, undoubtedly, Scandinavians, and who play so principal a part in Sir Walter Scott's recent novel of Count Robert.) would of itself argue an intimate connexion between the Greeks and Northmen, and this is corroborated by perpetual notices in the Sagas. The share also taken by the Northmen in the first Crusade, is an additional argument of the acquaintance with the oriental world. But as the game of chess certainly passed from Asia to Europe, and probably through more channels than one, it is of very minor importance to inquire more minutely form what quarter the inhabitants of the North received it. In proof of the ancient usage of chess among them, I shall therefore content myself by adducing such passabes of the old northern writers as have occurred to me in this inquiry. In the Saga of Ragnar Lodbrog, printed in Biorner's collection, and in an ancient account of the Danish invasions of Northumberland in the ninth century, intitled Nordymbra, it is stated, that after the death of Ragnar, messengers were sent to his sons in Denmark by King Aella, to communicate the intelligence, and to mark their behavior when they received it. They were found thus occupied:"Sigurd Snake's-eye played at chess(sitia at hnef-table) with Huitserk the Bold; but Bjorn Ironside was polishing the shaft of a spear in the middle of the hall. As the messengers proceeded with their story, Huitserk and Sigurd dropped their game (lata thegar falla nithr taflit), and listened to what was said with great attention; Ivar put various questions; and Bjorn leant on the spear he was furbishing. But when the messengers came to the death of the chief, and told his expiring words, that the young boars would gnash their tusks (literally, grunt) if they knew their parent's fate, Bjorn grasped the handle of his spear so tight, with emotion, that the marks of his fingers remained on it, and when the tale was finished, dashed it to pieces. Huitserk compressed a chessman he had taken so forcibly with his fingers, that the blood started forth from each; whilst Sigurd Snake's -eye, paring his nails with a knife, was so wrapt up in attention, that he cut himself to the bone without feeling it."

Fragments of English and Irish history in the ninth and tenth century: in two parts

John Nichols

Printed by and for John Nichols, 1788 - Great Britain The sons of Ragnar Lodbrook infested many regions, as England, France, Italy, and Lombardy. It is said that they came at last to the town called Lucca, which they took; and proposed to go to Rome and subdue it. Their actions are famous above all that spoke the Danish tongue.

Being returned to Denmark, they divided their inheritance. Biorne Ironside had the kingdom of Upsal, all Sweden, and the subject regions.

Sigurn Snake's-eye had Seland with Sconen, Halland, Vik, and Agdes even to Lidandesness, with a part of Upland. Huitserk had Reidgothland, and Vindland.

Sigurd Snake's-eye married Blaea, daughter of king Ella, by whom he had Aflauga and Knut.

Aflauga, twin with her brother, was the mother of Sigurg the Stag, the father of Ragnhilda, the mother of Harald Harfagre, first king of all Norway.

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